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Abdominal Pain or Discomfort – Indications, Causes, Treatment

abdominal pain or discomfort indications

What is Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain or stomach ache is the discomfort that occurs between the chest and pelvic region.

Major organs located in the abdomen include the gallbladder, kidney, liver, pancreas, colon, small intestine, stomach, appendix, and spleen.

Inflammation or any diseases affecting these internal organs in the abdomen can cause abdominal pain. Depending on the underlying conditions, abdominal pain intensity can range from mild to severe acute pain.

What Are the Indications Of Abdominal Pain?

The signs of abdominal pain vary from person to person. Some can experience mild symptoms that may go away without treatment, while others can experience life-threatening symptoms.

 Most common indications include:-

  • Severe or mild stomach pain
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Bloody stool discharge
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Muscle cramping
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Constipation or Diarrhea
  • Swollen stomach
  • Fatigue
  • Indigestion (stomach upset)

What Causes Abdominal Pain?

Causes of abdominal pain or discomfort

Various underlying health conditions can cause abdominal pain. Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain include,

  • Diverticulitis (Inflammation of intestinal walls)
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Appendicitis (Inflammation of appendix)
  • Constipation
  • Food poisoning
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases- Crohn’s disease
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Kidney stones
  • Gas
  • Celiac disease
  • Viral infections such as shingles, stomach flu

Abdominal Pain Treatment During Pregnancy:

In most cases, abdominal pain during pregnancy can be a normal part of pregnancy. However, in some instances, it may cause serious complications. Treatment for abdominal pain during pregnancy largely depends on the complications and risks of the condition causing the pain. The most common cause of abdominal pain during pregnancy includes:

  • Round ligament pain: In general, considered a normal part of pregnancy caused due to stretching of the uterus to accommodate the growing fetus.
  • Gas and constipation: Imbalance in hormone levels during pregnancy can lead to the formation of gas and constipation. Constipation and gas during pregnancy can cause severe discomforts, abdominal pain and increase the risk of miscarriage or abortion.


How is Abdominal Pain Treated?

There are many treatment options available for abdominal pain. The treatment plan usually depends on the severity and underlying conditions causing the abdominal pain. Some of the treatment options include,

Over the Counter (OTC) Medications:

  • OTC medications are medicines that can be brought without the need for a prescription. Some of the most common OTC medications like imodium, bismuth subsalicylate may help relieve the muscle cramps caused by abdominal pain.
  • Painkillers and antacids are often used to treat heartburn caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
  • Antibiotic medications are suggested to treat severe cases of abdominal pain caused by infections.

Minimal Invasive Surgery to Treat Abdominal Pain:

If the symptoms cannot be treated with conservative medication or if the pain is severe, persistent, and accompanied by other underlying severe health complications, surgeries are often recommended. Some of the severe stomach pain conditions need surgical intervention. For example, treatment of conditions like gallstones, appendicitis, and hernia usually requires surgical treatment.

Abdominal Pain Treatment Injection:

Bus Copan Ampoules (BUSCOPAN) is a widely used anticholinergic drug injection (blocks acetylcholine neurotransmitter) used to relieve muscle cramps and treat severe abdominal pain.

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