What is Common Cold?
Common cold is a health condition that occurs due to viral infection. A variety of viruses are held responsible for this condition. While both adults and children can be infected, the common cold is thought to be one of the most common winter diseases. Its onset does not trigger an alarming reaction in people as it occurs at least once every season. However, you should not dismiss it totally. Infection by this virus may also be due to specific types of respiratory illnesses. You certainly need to visit an experienced doctor to obtain proper treatment if the cold lasts for more than a week with no signs of improvement. You may self diagnose or treat the infected person with certain cold & cough relieving medications bought over the counter. The doctor may prescribe specific diagnostic or blood tests to determine the symptoms’ underlying cause that continues to trouble you for more than a week. It is advisable to heed the doctor’s advice and get the reports from the referred pathology lab for tests in India.
If you find yourself sniffling or sneeze too often accompanied by a runny nose, then you have the classic common cold symptoms. Some of the other signs that make you instantly think of a common cold may include some or all of the following:-
- Stuffy nose and laborious breathing
- Runny nose with a discharge that changes color with time
- Soreness in the throat
- Frequent Coughing spells
- Congestion in the chest
- Sneezing regularly
- Watery eyes
- ·Body ache
You may also feel rather ill and prefer to rest than remain active. If you have a fever with cold symptoms, then you may try to bring the temperature down with OTC medicines’ aid. Do not try and treat yourself or your family members if the fever spikes up to reach 101.3º F or more. See a doctor immediately to get yourself treated. 100.4 º F is a high temperature for newborn children. You have to rush him /her to the nearest clinic to bring the fever down.
The common cold is caused by rhinoviruses that are highly contagious. It spreads from individual to individual via droplets. The virus remains active on different kinds of surfaces for days. Any person who touches a surface containing the virus and then touches the mouth, nose, or lips may get infected with the common cold. Some of the common cold causes include being in the same room as an infected person or sharing food from the same utensil. While there is no hard and fast rule that every person exposed to the virus will have the same symptoms, individuals with a weak immune system are more at risk of developing the common cold.
There is no specific common cold treatment as of now. Most people tend to try common cold treatment at home by using age-old remedies. You may also buy over the counter medications to treat cold. Some of the commonly used options include :-
- Pain Relieving Medicines: Doctors recommend consuming pain relievers to eliminate the symptoms. You can therefore find relief for sore throat, body aches, and fever by taking acetaminophen formulations.
- Nasal Sprays: You may use a nasal spray to eliminate stuffy nose. Be careful about giving it to your children, however. Young kids below the age of 6 should not be treated with nasal decongestants.
- Cough Syrup: This is the most common form of treating a consistent cough. While there is no concrete evidence of eliminating cough by cough syrups, it contains an antihistamine that helps fight allergies, thus providing relief.
Common cold has been around for centuries. As there is no specific treatment discovered yet, you may find relief by using certain home remedies for the common cold. Some of the often used remedies that work are:-
- Liquids: It is advisable to remain hydrated when you are fighting a cold. Drink water throughout the day along with warm broth or hot lemon water. You may also try drinking ginger tea to feel energized. Drinking coffee or alcohol is a strict no-no.
- Optimum Temperature: You will be feeling cold when common cold and fever plague you. Make sure to set the room temperature at optimum levels and clean the HVAC system’s filters to avoid being exposed to allergens.
- Chicken Soup: Hot chicken soup with plenty of fresh vegetables is believed to be a popular medicine for the common cold. It is both a decongestant as well as provides adequate nutrition to your body. Spice it up for added benefits.
- Rest: It is best to stay away from the office and school when you have a common cold. Not only will your body get proper rest by staying at home, but you benefit others who might have caught the infection from you.
- Gargle: Using saline water to gargle every day is also one of the most excellent home remedies for a cold and cough.