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How Thyroid Issues Are Diagnosed: Symptoms, Tests and Complications

Thyroid is perhaps one of the most commonly researched lifestyle disorder. Many people who have gained unreasonable amount of weight in a short span and the others struggling to lose weight often believe that they are suffering from this condition. However, with so much information out there, the only way to know for sure is to get a thyroid test.

Thyroid is an important gland in your body that helps it to operate optimally. It is the thyroid gland that regulates your body’s metabolism and also controls every other function of your body. The thyroid cells are also responsible for adequate absorption of iodine that furthers the process of converting oxygen and calories into energy.


Sometimes the thyroid gland can malfunction lead to either of the two – hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is caused due to iodine deficiency and causes the gland to produce less thyroid hormone. This is the most common form of thyroid malfunction. Symptoms usually include:

-Hair loss

-Dry, tangled hair


-Sensitivity to cold

-Weight gain

-Loss of memory



  • Hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, can be best described as your body’s own defence mechanism activated against its own thyroid gland. Symptoms of an underactive thyroid include:
    • Weight loss
    • Restlessness
    • Irregular heartbeat
    • Protruding eyes
    • Irregular bowel movements

Tests to Diagnose Thyroid

There are many tests that can get to the bottom of thyroid issue. One of the most common ways to conduct a thyroid test at home is to note basal body temperature. The basal temperature along with thyroid-stimulating hormone testing (TSH) will give you a clear picture about your condition. However, despite the use of laboratory testing to determine thyroid issues, as many as 80% people have failed to detect the thyroid issues through testing alone.


One of the biggest complication with thyroid testing lies in its use of outdated reference ranges. Studies claim that the the standard thyroid tests can sometimes give inaccurate diagnoses because they are not able to relate correctly with the levels of thyroid tissues.

According to endocrinologists and physicians, TSH is known to be the best test to determine the effectiveness of thyroid gland and its function in a person. However, sometimes the results may show proper TSH, T3 and T4 levels, even though the person may be suffering from slow thyroid. Sometimes the tests may even show lower T3 with normal levels of T4 and TSH. Many experts may not realize this but it is a sign of selenium and zinc deficiency and not a problem with thyroid gland.

Some doctors who approach the problem of thyroid with a holistic point of view will study the symptoms along with the tests to get a clearer picture of their situation.

The good thing about thyroid issues is that it can be fixed to a great extent by following a healthy lifestyle and consuming clean diet.



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