Measles is a disease that is highly contagious and can have some life-threatening complications too. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 20% of people who get measles need to go to the doctor, and 1-3 cases out of 1,000 are fatal. The rubella virus causes measles, which is a highly contagious disease. It spreads by direct touch with an infected person or through droplets that can travel through the air and other carrier mediums such as mobiles, pens, and many more. Moreover, these tiny droplets are so small in size that our naked eyes can’t really see them settled over the surface of objects we touch.
Vaccination provides excellent protection against measles. A few people are unable to receive the vaccine due to a medical condition, such as a weak immune system. In any case, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), if 93-95 percent of the population who are at risk of getting measles get themselves vaccinated and have the required antibodies, then it can help in controlling the spread of this disease further in the remaining population.
Measles symptoms and signs appear 10 to 14 days after exposure to the illness. The following are common measles symptoms and signs:
- Dry cough
- A congested nose
- Throat irritation
- Irritation in eyes (conjunctivitis)
The measles infection remains dormant over the first 10 to 14 days after you’ve been infected. During this period, you have no signs or symptoms. Symptoms and adverse effects of measles usually begin with a mild to severe fever, followed by a persistent cough, runny nose, irritated eyes (conjunctivitis), and a sore throat. This mild illness could persist for a couple of days.
Measles rashes on the body are also seen when conditions become severe. These measles rashes usually come up as little red patches, and the skin appears a blotchy crimson around these spots.
Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by an infection that breeds in the nose and throat of an infected person. Infected particles travel through the air when someone with measles coughs, sniffles, or talks, resulting in others breathing the particles in.
Infected droplets can also land and stick on a surface and remain active and contagious for a few hours. By placing your fingers in your mouth or nose or touching your eyes after coming into contact with a contaminated surface, you can get affected by measles.
There is no specific treatment for measles. However, the disease and symptoms will, in most circumstances, abate after a short period.
Anyone who has been exposed to the pathogen has a few options of treatment available to them. These can aid in the prevention or reduction of the severity of the disease. Moreover, within six days of infection, human normal immunoglobulin (HNIG) is generated inside the body. It is a form of resistant protein that can give short-term but immediate protection against measles.
Monitor the patient’s health and do the following:
- Fever and chills can all be alleviated with Tylenol or ibuprofen. A specialist can advise on the best medicine alternatives for children.
- To humidify the air, use a humidifier or place a wet cloth on a heated radiator. Warm lemon and honey drink may help.
- Encourage the patient to drink plenty of water.
According to various verified online stores in India, a 0.5 ml of injection in a vial for measles could cost about Rs.2500 to Rs.3000, depending upon the manufacturer. These vaccines are easily available in your nearest pharmacies too.