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Viral Fever – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Viral Fever - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

 

The normal body temperature of humans is 37oC (98.6oF). Anything above this reading is considered high temperature or fever. Most people confuse fever to be a health condition. However, high body temperature is just a symptom of an underlying disease, and not the disease itself.

As the name suggests, viral fever is something that’s caused by an underlying viral infection. Raised body temperature, body pain, headache, burning sensation in eyes, etc. are some of its common symptoms.

A virus can infect the gastrointestinal, reproductive, respiratory system, and other parts of the body. A rise in body temperature means that the body’s immune system is trying to fight off the viruses by destroying them off.

 

So, how to get rid of viral fever?

 

Many people count on self-medication and have antibiotics and antipyretics for viral fever. It’s not a good idea at all. Antibiotics can’t kill viruses.

And, unnecessary intake of antibiotics and antipyretics, of course, has some side effects, including gas, acidity, liver damage, and so on. Plus, it also kills the good bacterial colonies inside the gut.

Although most viral infections show improvement with OTC (over-the-counter) meds, cold compresses, and proper care, seeking medical assistance is highly advisable. They do proper analysis and then prescribe you the right treatment. At SRL Diagnostics, we offer different types of tests and viral fever test cost starts from Rs 750.

 

Viral fever Symptoms

 

With a range of body temperature from 99oF and more than 103oF, a viral fever depends on the underlying virus. The common viral fever symptoms are –

  • High fever
  • Sweating
  • Chills
  • Dehydration
  • Body pain
  • Muscle aches
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Chest and Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Cold and cough
  • Sore throat
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash

Although most of these viral fever symptoms should go away in 3 to 4 days, it is better to pay a visit to a doctor.

 

Viral fever Causes

 

Kids and older people are more susceptible to viral infections. The reason is low immunity against microbes. Viruses infect the body and grow their colonies inside the body. So, when your body tries to fight off the viral infection, the temperature rises in response. As many viruses are temperature-sensitive, a high fever restricts them from multiplying. Let’s check out the ways you fall prey to viral infections. Take a look at the common viral fever causes

  • When someone suffering from a viral infection, say cold and flu, coughs or sneezes when you are around, you can inhale the germs from the surrounding. If your immune system is not strong enough, you can catch the infection too.
  • Suppose you ate or drank something that’s virally-infected. You can develop a viral infection from that as well. Some of the most common examples of food-borne viral contaminations include – enteroviruses and norovirus.
  • Animals and insects are often the carriers of viruses. So, if they sting, scratch, or bite you, developing an infection is quite common. Rabies and dengue fever are the best examples to demonstrate the same.
  • If you exchange blood with someone who already has a viral infection, you can also get the illness, he or she is suffering from, for example – HIV and Hepatitis B.
  • Certain strains of viral fever can enter inside your body if you happen to breathe or step in a puddle near a rat’s infected excreta or urine.

If you are informed enough of the viral fever causes, you can prevent the diseases from spreading.

 

Viral fever Diagnosis

 

The symptoms of bacterial and viral contamination are more or less similar. Therefore, a medical practitioner is more likely to determine and rule out any bacteria-borne infection in the first place. He/she can do it by considering your medical records, symptoms, and taking bacterial tests.

Let’s suppose you are suffering from a sore throat. Your doctor is more likely to test your throat for determining whether or not you have a bacterial infection. If the test results read negative, then you might be having a viral infection.

Blood, sputum, and urine tests also help in finding out viral infection. It includes the White Blood Cell (WBC count). If you are wondering about how much viral fever test costs, be assured. At SRL Diagnostics, the viral fever blood test is affordable.

However, most of the times, a viral infection can be diagnosed by undertaking and analyzing the symptoms of the patients. A viral fever blood test is not always necessary.

 

Viral fever Treatments

 

A viral infection is not like a bacterial infection. Taking antibiotics is not the right viral fever treatment. If you keep on taking an antibiotic for viral fever, you are more likely to develop resistance against it. So, treating a viral fever mainly depends on the symptoms and the underlying cause(s). It would be a medical emergency if –

  • A child’s body temperature reaches or exceeds 104°F, and an adult’s temperature touches or exceeds 103°F.

Otherwise, for lower-grade fevers, there is no specific treatment needed. However, the following viral fever treatments can help improve the symptoms and make the patient feel better –

  • Having over-the-counter medicines, like acetaminophen, Ibuprofen, etc. can lower down the temperature. If you are more than 18-years of age, you can also take Aspirin. That’s because patients below the age of 18 have the possibilities of developing Reye’s Syndrome, causing severe damage to their brains and livers due to Aspirin.
  • Don’t skip bathing. Many people stop taking a bath when suffering from fever. They think that bathing can worsen their health conditions. However, that’s a misconception. In fact, bathing in lukewarm water will help you feel better. Avoid cold water. Unlike what people think, exposure to cold water can affect your health even more.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to keep your body hydrated and cool down body temperature.
  • Take rest, as much as possible. The more rest you will take, the sooner you’ll get relief.
  • Some medical practitioners do prescribe antibiotics when a person is suffering from viral infections. However, that has nothing to do with the virus. They prescribe it to counter secondary infections if any.

So, this is how to cure viral fever properly.

 

When seeing a doctor becomes necessary?

 

If the fever is not improving even after 3 to 4 days or the thermometer reading is higher than 100.4-degree Fahrenheit in infants, 102- degree Fahrenheit in kids, and 103- degree Fahrenheit in adults, medical attention becomes a must. If ignored, the patients can suffer from seizures, extreme headache, confusion, and hallucinations. There are indicative of something more serious and graver. To get the right treatment at the right time is how to cure viral fever.

 

To sum up

While most viral fevers do not necessarily need medical attention, if the systems persist for long with supportive care and meds, seeking medical help is advisable. Also, it’s better to refrain from self-medication as it can make the situation even worse and beyond control. So instead of Googling with how to get rid of viral fever on your own, you should go to a doctor and get proper treatment.

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